Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Socrates: Socrates (c. 470–399 BC) ancient Greek philosopher. He is known for his method of inquiry, known as the Socratic method, which involves asking questions to help people arrive at their own conclusions. Socrates did not write anything himself; his ideas were preserved in the writings of his students, most notably Plato. See also, Plato, Ancient philosophy, Aristotle.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Friedrich Nietzsche on Socrates - Dictionary of Arguments

Danto III 77
Socrates/NietzscheVsSocrates/Nietzsche/Danto: Not only has Socrates caused the decline of the Greek tragedy for Nietzsche, it also marks a turning point in the history of humanity. Both are inseparable. The tragic art of Attica was a reaction to the pessimistic conception of nature, which the Greeks originally represented and by means of which they were able to transform their fears, ie. could live at all. Curiously enough, Socrates pursued the same goal or at least contributed to its achievement. The view goes back to him that the universe is completely understandable.(1)
>Tragedy/Ancient Philosophy
Rationality/Nietzsche: Nietzsche does not speak out against rationality at any point.
Danto III 78
It is only directed against Socrates' limited understanding of reason (or science and logic): against the view it would show the only way to achieve human performance.
Danto III 85
Art/Nietzsche/Danto: Nietzsche later, however, represents the mistrust towards the artist, which Nietzsche had criticized in Socrates, himself.(2)

1. F. Nietzsche. Die Geburt der Tragödie, 4, KGW III, S. 95.
2. F. Nietzsche, Menschliches, Allzumenschliches, KGW IV, 2 S. 144.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Nie I
Friedrich Nietzsche
Sämtliche Werke: Kritische Studienausgabe Berlin 2009

Nie V
F. Nietzsche
Beyond Good and Evil 2014

Danto I
A. C. Danto
Connections to the World - The Basic Concepts of Philosophy, New York 1989
German Edition:
Wege zur Welt München 1999

Danto III
Arthur C. Danto
Nietzsche as Philosopher: An Original Study, New York 1965
German Edition:
Nietzsche als Philosoph München 1998

Danto VII
A. C. Danto
The Philosophical Disenfranchisement of Art (Columbia Classics in Philosophy) New York 2005

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> Counter arguments against Nietzsche
> Counter arguments in relation to Socrates

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2024-04-23
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