|Rawls I 304
Common Sense/Mill/Rawls: the maxims of justice cannot be based solely on the Common Sense: For example, wages should be paid to everyone
according to his/her commitment and his/her contribution. These are contradictory provisions in themselves! Nor can they be weighted against each other. (J. St. Mill, Utilitarianism, ch. V, par. 30.)
RawlsVsMill: but that doesn't mean that utilitarianism is needed as a solution, as Mill apparently believed.
For example, a company that needs employees must also invest in the training of the underqualified in order to benefit its own interests. It will later incur even higher costs because they will then have to pay the employees higher wages.
Common Sense/RawlsVsMill: None of the maxims of common sense can be elevated to the rank of a principle of justice. Any one of them would cause distortion.
This has to do with the inefficiencies of the market. (See Mark Blaug, Economic Theory in Retrospect, (Cambridge, 1962) pp. 434f.)_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
John St. Mill
A System of Logic, Ratiocinative and Inductive, London 1843
Von Namen, aus: A System of Logic, London 1843
Eigennamen, Ursula Wolf, Frankfurt/M. 1993
J. St. Mill
Utilitarianism: 1st (First) Edition Oxford 1998
A Theory of Justice: Original Edition Oxford 2005