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Customs/Morality: Customs are the shared practices and traditions of a group of people. They are often passed down from generation to generation and can vary widely from culture to culture. Morality is the set of principles that guide people's behavior and attitudes. It is based on what people believe to be right and wrong. Morality can be influenced by factors such as religion, culture, and personal experiences.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Friedrich Nietzsche on Customs/Morality - Dictionary of Arguments

Danto III 169
Customs/Morality/Civilization/Nietzsche/Danto: morality generally consists in obedience to customs, no matter what they may represent.(1)
Customs are traditional practices, and where there is no living tradition there is no morality, because then there is nothing to follow. However, obedience to morals has sense and purpose per se. This corresponds to the principle with which civilization begins: every custom is better than no custom.(2)
Danto: in this respect, Nietzsche tries to explain the apparent irrationality and arbitrariness of the traditions cherished by societies from all over the world, sometimes witht the threat of the most appalling punishments.
Morals/Nietzsche/Danto: morality is not just a set of customs. It provides ideally the reasons why these rules should be followed.
Danto III 170
In practice, this is imposed on the individual through the will to power of a group. This is about the continued existence of this group. The consequence is that one should be the same as the other, that everyone should think, feel and speak in a similar way. Nietzsche calls the reasons why these rules should apply and not other rules "fantastic causalities".(3)
Danto III 172
Customs/Reason/NietzscheVsTradition/Nietzsche/Danto: the apostrophized reasons for explaining our practices are never the right ones, but only the imaginary ones.(4)

1. F. Nietzsche Morgenröthe, KGW V.1, S. 17-20.
2. Ibid. p. 25.
3. Ibid. p. 10.
4. F. Nietzsche Nachlass, Berlin, 1999, S. 485.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Nie I
Friedrich Nietzsche
Sämtliche Werke: Kritische Studienausgabe Berlin 2009

Nie V
F. Nietzsche
Beyond Good and Evil 2014

Danto I
A. C. Danto
Connections to the World - The Basic Concepts of Philosophy, New York 1989
German Edition:
Wege zur Welt München 1999

Danto III
Arthur C. Danto
Nietzsche as Philosopher: An Original Study, New York 1965
German Edition:
Nietzsche als Philosoph München 1998

Danto VII
A. C. Danto
The Philosophical Disenfranchisement of Art (Columbia Classics in Philosophy) New York 2005

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