Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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I 171
Trade policy/average benefit/utilitarianism/Rawls: assuming, a state decides on a historical change in its foreign trade policy. Question: should import tax on agricultural products be reduced to improve the situation of industrial workers in new industries? The fact that this measure could be justified utilitarian does not mean that it would not permanently improve the situation of domestic and industrial workers.
Edgeworth's considerations (See Benefit/Politics/Edgeworth) only apply if each of the many decisions has very little and only a limited effect on the distribution and there is an institution that guarantees randomness in the distribution. Therefore, the benefit principle can only play a minor role.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
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Rawl I
J. Rawls
A Theory of Justice: Original Edition Oxford 2005


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2020-04-08
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