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Planning: Planning is the process of setting goals and developing a course of action to achieve those goals. It involves identifying the resources needed, developing a timeline, and assigning tasks. See also Strategies, Thinking, Imagination.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

John Rawls on Planning - Dictionary of Arguments

I 408
Plan/life plan/planning/Rawls: A person's life plan is rational, if and only if
1. it is one of the plans that is consistent with the principles of rational decision when applied to all relevant characteristics of the person's situation.
2. if this plan is one of those that could be chosen by the person voluntarily in the consciousness of all relevant facts, taking into account the consequences.
I 409
A person's interests and goals are rational if and only if they are communicated to the person through a plan that is rational to the person.
>Goals, >Interest.
It is important that the principles do not always allow for a single plan. The class of approved plans is maximum in the sense that each plan in the quantity is superior to a plan outside the quantity.
Good/The good/Rawls: the definition of a rational plan is crucial to defining what can be considered good, because a rational life plan marks the fundamental point of view from which all a person's value judgments arise and must ultimately be consistent.
>The good.
Def Happiness/happiness/Rawls: someone is happy when their plans are fulfilled or are going to be fullfilled.
I 410
Planning/Rawls: the structure of plans is characterized by a lack of information and by the mirroring of a hierarchy of needs. In planning we organize our activities in a temporal sequence(1).
I 411
We must weigh up different needs in terms of their importance and possible incompatibilities. There will then be a hierarchy of subordinate plans.
>Rational Choice/Rawls, >Desire.
I 413
It looks as if extreme long-term decisions, such as career choice, are culture-dependent. However, the fact that we all have to make such decisions is culturally independent.
>Decisions, >Decision Theory.
The borderline case that we have no plan at all and let things come to us does not have to be irrational.
Principle of inclusion/inclusiveness: always choose the plan that covers most objectives. Combined with the principle of efficient resources, this principle chooses the most comprehensive plan and the most far-reaching resources. Together with the principle of greater probability, the plan chosen is the one that covers most objectives and has a chance of success.
>Rational Decision/Rawls.
I 414
Principle of inclusiveness/Aristoteles/Rawls: We can use the Aristotelian principle to argue for inclusiveness: that it corresponds to a higher-order human interest to train and take advantage of the most complex combinations of abilities.
I 417
Rationality/Sidgwick/Rawls: I take an approach from Sidgwick(2): if we could foresee all the relevant information about our future situation, we would choose what we can then consider as an individual asset.
>H. Sidgwick.
I 426
Def Aristotelian Principle/Terminology/Rawls: that is what I call the following principle: ceteris paribus means that people enjoy the exercise of their abilities, and all the more so the more they realize these abilities and the more challenging (complex) they are(3)(4)(5)(6).
I 429
Rawls: The principle formulates a tendency and shows no pattern of how to make a choice.
I 430
Skills/Rawls: if we assume that people gain skills while pursuing their plans, we can adopt a chain by using n-1 skills in the nth activity. According to the Aristotelian principle, people then prefer to use as many skills as possible and tend to ascend in the chain.

1. See J. D. Mabbott,"Reason and Desire", Philosophy, vol. 28 (1953).
2. See H. Sidgwick, The Methods of Ethics, 7th. ed., London, 1907, pp. 111f.
3. Cf. Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, bk. VIII, chs. 11-14, bk X. chs 1-5;
4. See W. F. R. Hardie, Aristote's Ethical Theory, (Oxford, 1968), ch. XIV;
5. G. C. Field, Moral Theory (London, 1932), pp. 76-78;
6. R. W. White, "Ego and Reality in Psychoanalytic Theory", Psychological Issues, vol. III (1963), ch. III and pp. 173-175,180f.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Rawl I
J. Rawls
A Theory of Justice: Original Edition Oxford 2005

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