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Aristotle on Community - Dictionary of Arguments

Höffe I 64
Community/Aristoteles/Höffe: Aristotle, for example, rejects session fees, although they allow all citizens to participate in the People's Assembly.
Aristotle's basic thesis of a political anthropology is that man is by nature a political being (physei politikon zôon). Towards the beginning of politics it appears in connection with three other assertions: The polis is the perfect community, it is natural, furthermore by nature earlier than the house and the individuals.
HobbesVsAristoteles: Hobbes argues that communities are not only gatherings but also alliances, so they are not created by nature but by art (Leviathan, introduction).
Other authors VsAristotle: According to another, legitimatory objection Aristotle commits the naturalistic fallacy, because from statements about man as he is, he derives how he should live.
Historical objection VsAristoteles: After the historical objection finally man could not be a political living being already because the corresponding communities had arisen late in the history of mankind.
AristotleVsVs/Höffe: The historical objection assumes a static concept of nature.
Höffe I 65
According to his pattern for Physis, the biological processes, Aristotle understands nature dynamically as a development in which three aspects are important: the beginning and motor, the goal already latently present in the beginning and motor, and the sequence, the development process.
"Biological fallacy" VsAristotle/Höffe: Aristotle does not succumb to a further, "biological fallacy", according to which political communities develop "by themselves", without a conscious own contribution of man. For he speaks of someone who brought the polis into being and, like Hobbes later, qualifies him as the "author of greatest goods".

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Höffe I
Otfried Höffe
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2022-01-25
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