Technocracy/VsTechnocracy/Technocracy Criticism/Technology Criticism/Morozov: most critics of modern technocracy or technology refer to the ((s) assumed) arrogance of planners and reformers who are lacking experience with the actual lives of people in their habitats. According to these critics, thought and consideration are indispensable; even the most perfect algorithms will not make them superfluous. Examples are: Jane Jacob, I. Berlin, F. Hayek, K. Popper, M. Oakeshott.
Urban planning/Jane Jacob: Jacob's critique of unimaginative urban planning: see Jane Jacobs, The Death and Life of Great American Cities (New York: Vintage, 1992);
Isaiah Berlin: his critique of a "Pro-Crusteanism": a compulsive unification: See Jonathan Allen, "Isaiah Berlin's Anti-Procrustean Liberalism: Ideas, Circumstances, and the Protean Individual", lecture at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association (28-31 August 2003, Philadelphia, PA). Available at http:// berlin. wolf. ox. ac. ac. uk/ lists/ onib/ allen2003. pdf;
Planning/Central Planning/Friedrich Hayek: his criticism of centralized planning: see Friedrich Hayek. The Use of Knowledge in Society", The American Economic Review 35, No. 4 (September 1, 1945): 519- 530;
Karl PopperVsHistorism: see Karl Popper. The Poverty of Historicism, I, Economica 11, No. 42 (May 1,1944): 86- 103;
Michael OakeshottVsRationalism: see Michael Oakeshott, Rationalism in Politics and other essays, exp. Edited by (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1991).
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Definition Techno-neutral/Majid Tehranian/Morozov: are preferably consultants who do not want to upset their clients. (1)
Definition Techno-structuralists/Tehranian/Morozov: believe that technologies evolve from institutional needs, spread by social forces of which they are part. (2)
1. Majid Tehranian, Technologies of Power: Information Machines and Democratic Prospects (New York: Ablex Publishing, 1990), 5.
2. ibid._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
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