James M. Buchanan on Constitution - Dictionary of Arguments
Brocker I 567
Constitution/Contracts/Contract Theory/Buchanan: The law transforms only the uneven distribution that has arisen naturally into a legally fixed uneven distribution. Problem: this contractual inequality is still threatened by instability as well, as the parties benefit from breaches of contract. (See Inequality/Buchanan, Law/Buchanan).
Solution: a superordinate body, a state or, as the case may be, a constitution containing the following elements:
1. Natural equilibrium: for everyone, even for the best-offs, improvements are only possible by contract.
2. Disarmament Contract: Agreement on a mutual restriction of individual freedom of action, thereby reducing costs.
3. Contractual legal constitution: Definition of ownership and disposal rights to land, tangible and intangible means of production. (>Private Law)
4. Contractual state establishment: Establishment of a neutral and non-partisan coercive power. (>rule of law, "protective state")
Brocker I 568
5. Contractual agreement on additional state services. (productive state).
State/Buchanan/Kersting: this approach leads to a separation of law and state. The state only stands for the validity of the legal system.
Wolfgang Kersting, „James M. Buchanan, Die Grenzen der Freiheit“ in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
James M. Buchanan
Politics as Public Choice Carmel, IN 2000
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018