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Karl Marx on Rationalization - Dictionary of Arguments

Habermas III 208
Rationalization/Marx/Habermas: according to Marx, social rationalization is immediately asserting itself in the development of productive forces, i. e. in the expansion of empirical knowledge, the improvement of production techniques and the increasingly effective mobilization, qualification and organization of socially useful labour. On the other hand, production relations, i. e. the institutions that express the distribution of social power and regulate differential access to the means of production, are being revolutionized solely under the pressure to rationalize the forces of production.
Max WeberVsMarx: See Rationalization/Weber.
Habermas III 459
Rationalization/Marx/Habermas: in the version of a dialectic of dead and living work, we can find in Marx already a correspondence to the dialectics of social rationalization. As the historical passages of "Capital" show, Marx examines how the accumulation process undermines the living environment of those producers who are the only real ones who can offer their own labour. He follows the contradictory process of social rationalization in the self-destructive movements of an economic system that organizes the production of goods on the basis of wage labor as the production of exchange values and thus disintegrates the living conditions of the classes involved in these transactions. For Marx, socialism lies in the line of flight from a rationalization of the world of life that has failed with the capitalist dissolution of traditional forms of life. (1)


1.Siehe K. Löwith, M.Weber und K. Marx, in: Löwith (1960) 1ff; W. Schluchter (1972); N. Birnbaum, Konkurrierende Interpretationen der Genese des Kapitalismus: Marx und Weber, in: C. Seyfarth, W. Sprondel (1973), 38ff; A. Giddens, Marx, Weber und die Entwicklung des Kapitalismus, ebd. S. 65ff.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Marx I
Karl Marx
Das Kapital, Kritik der politische Ökonomie Berlin 1957

Ha I
J. Habermas
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988

Ha III
Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981

Ha IV
Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2021-03-02
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