Economics Dictionary of Arguments

Home Screenshot Tabelle Begriffe

Historism: Historism is an approach to understanding human history and culture that emphasizes the importance of context. It recognizes that all human phenomena are products of their time and place, and that they cannot be understood in isolation. See also History, Historiography, Culture.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Hans-Georg Gadamer on Historism - Dictionary of Arguments

I 202
Historism/Historical School/Dilthey/Gadamer: With [the] transfer of hermeneutics to historiography, Dilthey (...) is only the interpreter of the historical school. He formulates what Ranke and Droysen basically think. Thus, Romantic hermeneutics and its background, the pantheistic metaphysics of individuality, were decisive for the theoretical reflection of historical research in the 19th century.
Gadamer: That has become fatal for the fate of the humanities and the world view of the historical school.
Cf. >History/Hegel
, >Historiography/Dilthey, >L. v. Ranke, >J.G. Droysen.
The resistance against the philosophy of world history thus drove [the Historical School] into the path of philology. It was their pride and joy that they were able to conceive
Gadamer I 203
world history not teleologically, not in the style of the pre-Romantic or post-Romantic Enlightenment from an end state, which would be, as it were, the end of history, a recent day in world history. Rather, for them there is no end and outside of history. The understanding of the entire course of universal history can therefore only be gained from the historical tradition itself. But this is precisely the claim of philological hermeneutics that the meaning of a text can be understood from within itself. The basis of history is therefore hermeneutics.
GadamerVsDilthey: This is how far the hermeneutic basis can go. But neither this detachment of the object from its interpreter, nor the closure of the meaning of a whole can support the historian's most important task, the universal history. For the story is not only not at the end - we stand in it as the understanders themselves, as a conditional and finite link in a rolling chain.
GadamerVsHistorism/GadamerVsHistorical School: Even the "historical school" knew that there can basically be no other history than universal history, because it is only from the whole that the individual is determined in its individual meaning. How is the empirical researcher, to whom the whole can never be given, supposed to help him- or herself there without losing his or her right to the philosopher and his aprioristic arbitrariness?
Cf. >History/Hegel.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Gadamer I
Hans-Georg Gadamer
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010

Gadamer II
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
German Edition:
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977

Send Link
> Counter arguments against Gadamer
> Counter arguments in relation to Historism

Authors A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Y   Z  

Concepts A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Z