|Neo-Kantianism: Neo-Kantianism is a philosophical movement that emerged in Germany in the late 19th century. It was a revival and reinterpretation of the philosophy of Immanuel Kant. Representatives are Hermann Cohen, Paul Natorp, Ernst Cassirer, Heinrich Rickert, Wilhelm Windelband. See also I. Kant, Idealism.<_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Jürgen Habermas on Neo-Kantianism - Dictionary of Arguments
Neo-Kantianism/Habermas: Max Weber stands in the tradition of Neo-Kantianism. (1) In the theory of humanities and cultural studies, Windelband and Rickert hold positions similar to Dilthey and other philosophers of the Historical School.
>M. Weber, >W. Dilthey, cf. >Historicism.
For the examination of evolutionary approaches in the social sciences, however, Neo-Kantianism has gained a special significance beyond its dualistic philosophy of science, because of his value theory.
On a methodological level it emphasizes the distinction between being and should, between factual findings and value judgements, and in practical philosophy resolutely opposes all varieties of ethical naturalism.
Neo-Kantianism: Thesis: Processes of value realization can be viewed simultaneously from outside and inside, understood as empirical processes and as objectivation of knowledge, and thus aspects of reality and validity can be connected. ((s) See is-ought problem, Naturalistic Fallacy).
1. Th.Burger, Max Weber’s Theory of Concept Formation, Durham 1976; R.H, Howe, Max Weber’s Elective Affinities, AJS, 84, 1978, 366ff; M. Baker, Kant as a Problem for Weber, Brit. J. Soc. 31, 1980,224ff._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981