Talcott Parsons on Freedom - Dictionary of Arguments
Habermas IV 310
Freedom/Action/Parsons/Habermas: Parsons tries to give a sociological turn to the Kantian idea of freedom as obedience to self-imposed laws: the actor can first adopt a conformist attitude based on recognition of their claim to validity. The force that can be felt through feelings of obligation is not only compatible with the autonomy of action, but in some ways even constitutes it. This force is no longer perceived as external violence but from within by penetrating the motives.
Habermas: this reflects the double character of freedom, which is constituted by the personal recognition of a connection to superpersonal orders.
Habermas IV 432
Freedom/Society/Parsons/Habermas: Talcott ParsonsVsWeber: Parsons does not believe that in modern societies the disintegration of religious and metaphysical worldviews threatens the relationships of solidarity and the identity of individuals who can no longer base their lives on "last ideas". Rather, he is convinced that modern societies have brought about an incomparable increase in freedom for the mass of the population. (1)
1.Talcott Parsons, Belief, Unbelief and Disbelief, in: T. Parsons, Action Theory and the Human Condition, NY 1978, S. 320ff._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
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