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Talcott Parsons on Action Theory - Dictionary of Arguments

Habermas IV 301
Action Theory/System Theory/Parsons/Habermas: Parson's initial question is how society is possible as an ordered relationship of actions.
IV 302
Action Theory: starts with the orientations of those acting. The theory assumes a coordination of the actors
System theory: examines the integration that goes through action orientations. The theory here assumes a functional networking of action sequences that remain latent, i.e. can extend beyond the orientation horizon of the participants. An orientation towards values and norms that is relevant in action theory is not constitutive for system integration.
Habermas IV 303
Problems: 1) the theoretical framework for action is too narrow to develop a concept of society. 2) In system theory, the theory of action cannot be reinterpreted and assimilated without reservation. 3) HabermasVsParsons, Talcott: Parson's theory of modernity is too harmonizing because it does not have the means for a plausible explanation of pathological development patterns.
Habermas IV 304
HabermasVsParsons: his theory of action is not complex enough to win a concept of society.
Solution/Parsons: at the transition from the level of the action to the level of the context of action, he must change the perspective and the terms. Problem: then it looks as if this transition on its own accord refers to the concept of society as a self-directed system.
Solution/Habermas: with the term "lifeworld" as a complement to the term "communicative action", the reproduction of the lifeworld can already be analysed under various functional aspects. This makes a change of perspective superfluous.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

ParCh I
Ch. Parsons
Philosophy of Mathematics in the Twentieth Century: Selected Essays Cambridge 2014

ParTa I
T. Parsons
The Structure of Social Action, Vol. 1 1967

ParTe I
Ter. Parsons
Indeterminate Identity: Metaphysics and Semantics 2000

Ha I
J. Habermas
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988

Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981

Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2023-03-26
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