Talcott Parsons on Revolution - Dictionary of Arguments
Habermas IV 423
Revolutions/Parsons/Habermas: Parsons understands these three revolutions as structural differentiations of the community system from the economic, political and cultural subsystems:
The industrial revolution that began in England in the late 18th century
The French Revolution of 1789
The revolution in education, i.e. the expansion of formal education, which already began in the 18th century but was not radically implemented until the middle of the 20th century. (1)
Habermas IV 424
These separated early from developed modernity and fulfil the starting conditions for an international system of highly complex societies, to which Parson's standard description of social systems with four subsystems each applies. (See Subsystems/Parsons).
"Precursor revolutions" are for Parson's Reformation and Renaissance, which make the transition to modernity possible by releasing the cognitive potentials contained in the tradition of Christianity and Roman-Greek antiquity, until then only worked on by cultural elites, monastic orders and universities, and
Habermas IV 425
to let these potentials have an effect at the institutional level.
The institutions of legal rule based on religious tolerance and agricultural production based on wage labour are the basis for the three "revolutions" with which the husks of a stratified, professionally still fixed class society are blown up.
1.T.Parsons, The System of Modern Societies, Englewood Cliffs 1971, S. 101._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Philosophy of Mathematics in the Twentieth Century: Selected Essays Cambridge 2014
The Structure of Social Action, Vol. 1 1967
Indeterminate Identity: Metaphysics and Semantics 2000
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981