Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Person, philosophy: A thinking and sentient being that distinguishes itself from others. In the course of the history of philosophy, further determinations have been agreed on or disregarded, e.g. rationality, autonomy, not-being-able-to-be-possessed. While the human and his body age, the person has no temporal stages. See also individual, law, continuants, identity.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Summary Meta data
Habermas IV 161
Person/Mead/Habermas:
Identity/Person/Habermas: since persons acquire their identity through linguistically mediated interaction, they fulfil the identity conditions for persons and the basic identity criteria for a certain person not only for others but also for themselves. They see themselves as people who have learned to participate in social interactions. The person can answer the question of what kind of person he/she is, not just one of all.
Identity criteria/identity conditions/Habermas: are only fulfilled by the person when he/she is able to attribute the corresponding predicates to himself/herself.
Mead: distinguishes two stages in the acquisition of identity conditions:
Habermas IV 162
a) The acquisition of an ascribed identity through learning, the assumption of a role in a social group, ultimately orientation towards the past.
b) The identity asserted under one's own direction: here it is about who one wants to be; orientation towards the future.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Mead I
George Herbert Mead
Mind, Self, and Society from the Standpoint of a Social Behaviorist (Works of George Herbert Mead, Vol. 1), Chicago 1967
German Edition:
Geist, Identität und Gesellschaft aus der Sicht des Sozialbehaviorismus Frankfurt 1973

Ha I
J. Habermas
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988

Ha III
Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981

Ha IV
Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2020-06-06
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