Thomas Hobbes on State (Polity) - Dictionary of Arguments
Höffe I 209
State/justification/legitimation/Hobbes/Höffe: Hobbes justifies the domination character of the state with the
Höffe I 210
thought of the social contract: that a rule can only be legitimized by each person concerned. In his political thinking he seeks to fulfil the civilisational-political hope of the epoch, the state as guarantor of inner peace. As the inner form of the state, he believes he should justify absolute sovereignty.
Problem: A state power that is not committed to either the separation of powers or fundamental rights cannot convince either argumentatively or politically.
VsHobbes: Consequently, Hobbes provokes sharp criticism from his contemporaries.
Courtyards I 212
Philosopher’s Rule: The philosopher Hobbes does not want to rule himself. But he does expect the ruler to adopt his political views.
Problem: [The] politically highly ambitious project turns out (...) to be a grandiose failure. Hobbes' first political writing, the initial reasons, predictably fuel the war. For instead of being a philosophy
Höffe I 213
above the parties, it sides with the crown and against the opposing parliament. In addition, Hobbes defends the Anglican state church against both the Catholics and the Protestants who oppose a state church. [Responsible for the failure] is (...) a 'biased' diagnosis that does not see the causes of the civil war in the violation of ancestral rights. [Hobbes] goes to Paris, where he spends eleven years in exile from November 1640. >Social Contract/Hobbes, >Governance/Hobbes._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Leviathan: With selected variants from the Latin edition of 1668 Cambridge 1994
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016