Philosophy Dictionary of ArgumentsHome
|Background: This term is examined here in two respects
a) In connection with the investigation of knowledge in situations Communication participants always have knowledge of the prerequisites of the interactions in which they are located. They have acquired this knowledge through experience in their environment. To the extent that it is not addressed but assumed in situations, it forms the background.
b) As far as linguistic expressions are influenced by cultural circumstances and past use, these influences are attributed to the background, in the sense that these influences are not addressed in a situation.
_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Jürgen Habermas on Background - Dictionary of Arguments
Background/Habermas: is a knowledge inventory of unproblematic beliefs that are shared and assumed to be guaranteed, from which the context of communication processes forms, in which the participants use proven situation definitions or negotiate new ones. The participants of communication find the connection between objective, social and subjective world, which they are facing, already interpreted in terms of content. If they overwrite the horizon of a given situation, they could not step into the void; they immediately find themselves in another, now updated, but preinterpreted area of the culturally self-evident. New situations also emerge from a lifeworld built on an ever-trusted inventory of cultural knowledge. The actors cannot take an extramundane position in relation to this lifeworld, just as they cannot take an extramundane position in relation to language as the medium of the processes of communication through which the lifeworld is maintained._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981
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