|Morals: morals refers to a more or less coded set of rules, action maxims, duties and prohibitions within a society or group. Most of these rules are unconsciously internalized among the members of the society or group. Their justification and the possible assessment of actions are reflected in ethics and meta ethics. See also values, norms, rights, ethics._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Lawrence Kohlberg on Morals - Dictionary of Arguments
Habermas IV 260
Moral/Development/Psychology/Kohlberg/Habermas: L. Kohlberg distinguishes three levels of moral consciousness (1), a) the preconventional level, on which only the consequences of action are assessed, b) the conventional level, on which the orientation to and the violation of norms is already assessed, c) the postconventional level, on which the norms themselves are also assessed in the light of principles.
1. L. Kohlberg, Zur kognitiven Entwicklung des Kindes, Frankfurt 1974._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
The Philosophy of Moral Development: Moral Stages and the Idea of Justice New York 1981
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981