Jürgen Habermas on Value Theory - Dictionary of Arguments
Value Theory/Method/Habermas: Marx' value theory specifies rules according to which systematic statements (about anonymous value relationships) can be translated into historical statements (about interaction relations
between social classes). In this way, problems of system integration can be mapped at the level of social integration and be linked to the dynamics of class conflicts.
Method/HabermasVsMarx: it is a weakness of value theory that statements about the system or about the lifeworld are only possible as statements about a totality that holds both moments together. It is assumed that there is a logical connection between system development and structural change in everyday life.
Marx understands the unity of the system and the lifeworld (...) according to the model of the unity of a torn moral totality.
This leads him to misunderstand the evolutionary intrinsic value of media-controlled subsystems (see Media/Habermas).
Problem: this makes it impossible for Marx to present his perspective of action within the framework of his theory of revolution.
HabermasVsMarx: Marx lacks the criteria with which he could distinguish the destruction of traditional living environments.
HabermasVsMarx: another decisive weakness of value theory is the generalization of a special case of the subsumption of the lifeworld under system imperatives. The processes of reification does not need to necessarily occur only in the sphere in which they are created - in the world of work. They can also occur in private life. Value theory (however) calculates only with one channel, that of the monetization of labour._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981