Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Pyotr Alexeevich Kropotkin on Anarchism - Dictionary of Arguments

Brocker I 19
Anarchism/Kropotkin: Kropotkin's turn towards anarchism goes back to his personal experiences with the egalitarian coexistence of watchmakers on a farm in Switzerland in 1872.
Brocker I 20
However, the associated basic concept of communist anarchism existed even before Kropotkin. With his essays and books, he primarily contributed to their historical and scientific foundation, since Kropotkin wanted to provide a scientific explanation for anarchism. It was about free cooperation of individuals without regulation by the institution of the state. The central organisational principle should be free agreement. Kropotkin saw the prerequisite for this in the formation of small and manageable groups, which would be formed by working together, local proximity or private interests. Work should be carried out in small decentralised businesses in order to overcome the negative impact of the division of labour. In the social order he was striving for, the distribution of goods should no longer take place via the individual work performed in each case. Rather, a generally equal consumption must be possible according to the formula "Everyone according to his/her needs".
KropotkinVsRäte: instead, a decentralized federation of autonomous groups in a stateless society.

Armin Pfahl-Traughber
Pjotr Alexejewitsch Kropotkin, Gegenseitige Hilfe in der Tier- und Menschenwelt (1902) in: Brocker 2018.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Kropot I
Peter Kropotkin
Gegenseitige Hilfe in der Tier- und Menschenwelt Frankfurt/Berlin/Wien 1975

Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2023-03-25
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