Leon Trotsky on Revolution - Dictionary of Arguments
Brocker I 206
Revolution/Trotzky: Thesis: If the revolutionary dynamic does not spread to other more highly developed countries ((s) than Russia), the experiment of the working class taking control of the production and distribution of wealth is doomed to failure. (1) (TrotskyVsStalin).
Trotsky developed a two-stage scheme of the Russian Revolution: First, the landowner nobility as a social class was to be overcome by comprehensive land reform, then the economic rule of the capitalist class was to be broken by the transfer of industry and banks into public ownership and by a state monopoly on foreign trade. Workers' councils, the Soviets, which were to be supported by the peasants, served as a political instrument for carrying out these tasks. Since the de facto division of the Russian social democracy in 1903, the Mensheviks have maintained that the bourgeoisie must first overthrow the tsar regime and complete the tasks of the bourgeois revolution. See Socialism/Trotzky.
Brocker I 210
Permanent Revolution/Trotzky: Within [the] development, one transformation stage of society emerges from the other. "Outbreaks of civil wars and external wars alternate with periods of 'peaceful' reform. Revolutions of the economy, technology, science, family, customs and traditions develop in complicated interactions and do not allow society to strike a balance. This is the permanent character of socialist revolution as such. (2) This revolutionary process goes beyond the national framework of even the largest country. Like capitalism, socialism could only exist as a world system, and the theory of permanent revolution necessarily goes hand in hand with socialist internationalism.
1.Leo Trotzki, »Ergebnisse und Perspektiven. Die treibenden Kräfte der Revolution« , in: ders., Die permanente Revolution. Ergebnisse und Perspektiven, Essen 2016, 15-107.
2.Ebenda S. 133.
Mario Keßler, „Leo Trotzki, Die permanente Revolution (1930)“ in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018