|Brocker I 44
Lenin/Marcuse/Scherrer: Marcuse saw the centralist organization of the party, which was initially justified by the backwardness of conditions in Russia and the Russian proletariat, as the basic principle of the later Leninist party: leadership over the proletariat. Lenin's struggle against the spontaneous mass action of economism, "his statement that class consciousness must be taught to the proletariat 'from the outside'", Marcuse said, "anticipated the later actual transformation of the proletariat from subject to object of the revolutionary process". He defined later Leninism as "the shift of revolutionary power from the class-conscious proletariat to the centralist party as the avant-garde of the proletariat" (Marcuse 1974, 43, 51) (1).
1. Marcuse, Herbert, Die Gesellschaftslehre des sowjetischen Marxismus, Darmstadt/Neuwied 1974.
Jutta Scherrer, Wladimir Iljitsch Lenin, Was tun?, (1902) in Brocker, Manfred, Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018