|Brocker I 520
Markets/Hirschman: Thesis: For economic processes, not only markets but also individual, economic action (via emigration, see Terminology/Hirschman) and participatory, political action (via conflicts) play an important constructive role. (1)
In other words, people leave a party, a company, a country or contradict political tendencies and thus exert a noticeable influence on economic activity.
Market: Thesis: More market can be a harm. Reason: the possibility of emigration weakens the chances for success of conflicts. For example, a World Bank railway project in Nigeria in 1967: due to the lack of reliability of rail transport, the transport volume shifted more and more to road transport. If the railways had had a monopoly on transport, there might have been effective protests - conflicts. Since, despite the monopoly on rail transport, there was the easy alternative of migration to the road, these protests did not take place - migration had weakened conflict. See Competition/Hirschman.
1. Albert O. Hirschman, Exit, Voice, and Loyalty. Responses to Decline in Firms, Organizations, and States, Cambridge, Mass. 1970. Dt.: Albert O. Hirschman, Abwanderung und Widerspruch. Reaktionen auf Leistungsabfall bei Unternehmungen, Organisationen und Staaten, Tübingen 1974, p. 386
Stephan Panther, „Albert O. Hirschman, Abwanderung und Widerspruch“ in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Albert O. Hirschman
The Strategy of Economic Development New Haven 1958
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018