|Rules, philosophy: rules are restrictions of a domain of possibilities for subjects, communities or functionaries, or generally for acting individuals or groups. Rules may be implicit or explicit, and may be implemented by ordinance or by jointly developing equally authorized participants, e.g. in a discourse. In another sense, rules can be understood as actual regularities that can be discovered by observation. These rules can be discovered not only in action, but also in the nature of objects such as linguistic structures. See also norms, values, rule following, private language, language rules, discourse, ethics, morality, cognitivism, intuitionism, society, practice.<_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
H. L. A. Hart on Rules - Dictionary of Arguments
Brocker I 594
Rules/Law/Hart: give addressees justifying reasons for action. Their actual validity depends on whether a sufficient number of people also regard them as internally binding. (1)
a) Rules that limit our freedom of action
Brocker I 595
b) Rules that deal with rules of the first kind: how can legal rules be created, amended and invalidated? Example "rule of recognition": Whether a rule belongs to the law depends on it. It allows us to distinguish valid from invalid legal norms. However, it itself has no normative basis. It stands and falls with the recognition of the community. See Law/Hart.
1. Hart, H. L. A., Der Begriff des Rechts. Mit einem Postskriptum von 1994 und einem Nachwort von Christoph Möllers, Berlin 2011.
Bernd Ladwig, „Ronald Dworkin, Bürgerrechte ernstgenommen“ in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
|Hart, H. L. A.
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018