Alasdair MacIntyre on Enlightenment - Dictionary of Arguments
Brocker I 659
Enlightenment/Moral/Ethics/MacIntyre: For MacIntyre, Enlightenment represents a failed attempt to overcome post-medieval pluralism and eclecticism with the help of universal moral based on reason.(1)
>Pluralism, >Universalism, >Morality.
The Enlightenment had wanted to take "incoherent fragments of a once coherent system of thought and action"(2) as a basis.
Problem: there are breaks between a de-teleologization of the moral system and a simultaneous dependence on a teleological framework.
MacIntyreVsEnlightenment: the search for a moral standpoint that pretends to be independent of social order is an illusion. Obligations, rules and laws have replaced goods, traditions and social conditions.
>Duty, >Laws, >Rules.
MacIntyreVsKant: in his moral writings the "thought that moral is something other than following rules
Brocker I 660
got almost, if not completely out of sight".(3)
>I. Kant, >Morals/Kant, >Categorical Imperative, >Principles.
1. Alasdair MacIntyre, After Virtue. A Study in Moral Theory, Notre Dame, Ind. 1981. Dt: Alasdair MacIntyre, Der Verlust der Tugend. Zur moralischen Krise der Gegenwart. Erweiterte Neuausgabe, Frankfurt/M. 2006 (zuerst 1987), S. 61.
2. Ibid. p. 80
3. Ibid. p. 313f.
Jürgen Goldstein, „Alasdair MacIntyre, Der Verlust der Tugend“ in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018