Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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John Rawls: John Rawls (1921 – 2002) was an American moral, legal, and political philosopher in the liberal tradition. He is best known for his defense of egalitarian liberalism in his major work, A Theory of Justice (1971). Other major works are Political Liberalism (1993), The Law of Peoples (1999), Justice as Fairness - A Restatement (2001). See also Justice, Liberalism, Utilitarianism, Society, Difference Principle, Veil of Ignorance, Reflective Equilibrium.<
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Michael Sandel on Rawls - Dictionary of Arguments

Brocker I 673
Rawls/Subject/Individual/Metaphysics/Subjectivity/Individuality/SandelVsRawls/Sandel: Sandel criticizes Rawl's conception of an assumed starting point for a society to be built (see Veil of Ignorance/Rawls
, Reflective Equilibrium/Rawls, Veil of Ignorance/Sandel):
1. Rawls fails to achieve his own goal of reconstructing Kant's practical philosophy free of metaphysics and without reformulating the subject's specific theory. On the contrary, Rawls presupposes a specific theory of the subject ("mutual disinterest", subjectivity and identity independent of the subject's goals and purposes). (1) (See Subjectivity/Sandel).
2. this leads to an impoverishment of the possibilities of human self-conception in the political community. (2)
3. with this, the approach of Rawls is simply wrong, because people cannot understand each other in this way at all. (3)
4. The concept of Rawls' initial state is in contradiction to other elements of his theory, especially to the principle of difference (see Difference Principle/Rawls) and to his contract theory. (See Contract Theory/Rawls). See also Difference Principle/Sandel, Rawls/Nozick.

1. Michael Sandel, Liberalism and the Limits of Justice, Cambridge/New York 1998 (zuerst 1982), S. 65
2. Ibid. p. 177
3. Ibid. p. 65.

Markus Rothhaar, “Michael Sandel, Liberalism and the Limits of Justice” in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Sand I
Michael Sandel
The Procedural Republic and the Unencumbered Self 1984

Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2023-12-09
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