Brocker I 7">

Economics Dictionary of Arguments

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Citizen: Citizens are legal members of a particular country, possessing rights, privileges, and responsibilities within its political and legal framework. They have the right to vote, work, and participate in civic activities.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Ernst-Wolfgang Böckenförde on Citizens - Dictionary of Arguments

Brocker I 784
Citizen/citizens/Democracy/Böckenförde: "Citizens should experience ((s) themselves) on fundamental issues
Brocker I 785
of political order as "equal" and "united" and their fellow citizens "not as existentially different or foreign". On this basis, they should be "ready for compromises and loyal acceptance of majority decisions". (1) See Democracy/Böckenförde
This unity is subject to a development process. It itself cannot be produced democratically. (2) It is a prerequisite of democracy, not its result.
Ethos: 1) According to Böckenförde, the citizens should be supported by a democratic ethos, i.e. an attitude of recognition also of the political opponent and quite fundamentally of the rules of democracy, in particular that the once achieved own majority is not set permanently and the minority retains its chance to become the majority itself. (3)
2) the horizon of policy-making should be normatively oriented towards the general interest (4)
See Constitution/Böckenförde, State/Böckenförde: this is one of the conditions from which democracy lives and on which it depends for its existence. The democratic constitutional state cannot guarantee these conditions.
Solution/Böckenförde: The state can support the conditions that contribute to public spirit and public welfare orientation, for example through schools, as places of learning for critical judgment. However, the state must not influence the content of the individual consciences of citizens.

1. Ernst-Wolfgang Böckenförde, Staat – Verfassung – Demokratie. Studien zur Verfassungstheorie und zum Verfassungsrecht, Frankfurt/M. 1992 (zuerst 1991), S. 332f.
2. Ibid. p. 350
3. Ibid. p. 359f.
4. Ibid. p. 362ff.

Tine Stein, „Ernst-Wolfgang Böckenförde, Staat – Verfassung- Demokratie“, in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Böckenf I
Ernst-Wolfgang Böckenförde
State, Society and Liberty: Studies in Political Theory and Constitutional Law, London 1991
German Edition:
Staat, Gesellschaft, Freiheit. Studien zur Staatstheorie und zum Verfassungsrecht Frankfurt 1976

Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018

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