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Thomas Hobbes: Thomas Hobbes (1588 – 1679) was an English philosopher, considered one of the founders of modern political philosophy. Major works are Leviathan, or The Matter, Form and Power of a Commonwealth, Ecclesiastical and Civil (1651), De Cive (On the Citizen) (1642), De Corpore (On the Body) (1655), De Homine (On Man) (1658). In his best known work, Leviathan, Hobbes argues that humans are naturally selfish and aggressive, and that a strong central government is necessary to maintain order and protect individual rights.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

G.W.F. Hegel on Hobbes - Dictionary of Arguments

Brocker I
Hobbes/Hegel/HegelVsHobbes/Honneth: Hegel criticizes Hobbes' individualistic approach to a society that is based on a struggle of individuals against each other and neglects the aspect of an individual's struggle for mutual recognition.
Honneth: Hegel integrates the "negative, conflictual character"(1) of social coexistence in
Brocker I 793
one's own perspective. At the same time, however, he turns into a critical argument against the paradigm of self-preservation (see >Hegel/Honneth
Honneth: So Hegel argues with Hobbes against Hobbes by adopting the motive of struggle, but combining it with a completely different theoretical tradition, especially with the recognition theory by Fichte.(2) See >Recognition/Honneth, >Hegel/Honneth, >Intersubjectivity/Hegel.

1. Axel Honneth, Kampf um Anerkennung. Zur moralischen Grammatik sozialer Konflikte, mit einem neuen Nachwort, Frankfurt/M. 2014 (zuerst 1992) S. 27.
2. Ebenda S. 32.

Hans-Jörg Sigwart, „Axel Honneth, Kampf um Anerkennung“, in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018

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