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Henry A. Murray on Situations - Dictionary of Arguments

Corr I 30
Situations/Murray/Funder: One of the earliest and most notable conceptions of situations comes from Henry Murray (1938)(1), whose theories illuminate the question of whether or not situations and persons are separable. Specifically, he was interested in the role that the environment played in a person’s ability to express his or her psychogenic needs and dubbed the forces exerted on behaviour by an environment its press. He distinguished between the forces that are intrinsically present in situations (which he called alpha press) and the forces that come about from an individual’s idiosyncratic reaction to objective properties of the situation (which he called beta press). See >Situations/Funder.


1. Murray, H. A. 1938. Explorations in personality. New York: Oxford University Press


Seth A Wagerman & David C. Funder, “Personality psychology of situations”, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Murray, Henry A.
Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009

Corr II
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2021-04-12
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