|Method: a method is a procedure agreed on by participants of a discussion or research project. In the case of violations of a method, the comparability of the results is in particular questioned, since these no longer come from a set with uniformly defined properties of the elements.<_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Jeffrey A. Gray on Method - Dictionary of Arguments
Corr I 349
Method/behavior/motivation/emotion/Gray: e.g. if we want to know what is the brain-behavioural nature of ‚anxiety’:
Corr I 350
(a) take drugs that are effective against human anxiety (i.e., those psychological disorders recognized as falling under the rubric of ‘anxiety’); then
(b) analyse their behavioural profile in non-human animals to understand their more fundamental nature; and then
(c) compare these behavioural profiles with other drugs (e.g., psychostimulates).
Thus, by a careful analysis of the behavioural effects of different classes of drugs (e.g., anxiety vs. psychostimulates), a detailed description may be formed of the underlying systems – the assumption that these different behavioural effects reflect different underlying systems follows standard neuroscientific reasoning (see Corr 2006)(1).
The reasoning proceeds that once a behavioural dissection has been achieved, based on behavioural reactions to classes of drugs, then it is much easier to identify actual neuropsychological systems that these drugs act upon. >Animal studies/Gray, >Fear/Gray, >Method/Eysenck.
1. Corr, P. J. 2006. Understanding biological psychology. Oxford: Blackwell
Philip J. Corr, „ The Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory of Personality“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
|Gray, Jeffrey A.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018