|Exterior/interior, outside/inside (philosophy): the distinction is important in connection with statements. If the statement is within a system, it can be problematic to make an assertion about the system with that statement. See also circularity, self-reference, paradoxes, type theory, external questions._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Gerard Saucier on Exterior/interior - Dictionary of Arguments
Corr I 393
External perspective:In some ways the two approaches to defining personality embody different perspectives on the person. Seeing personality as attributes, we take an external perspective that averages across behavioural instances in conceiving generalized qualities and tendencies. This is fundamentally how others see us, and is the basis for reputations.
Objectivity: when many informants tend to agree about a target person, this yields a degree of objectivity that is not possible from a single self-report Hofstee 1994)(1).
Corr I 394
Internal perspective: When we conceive of personality as a behaviour-generating system, we focus instead on the standards, expectancies, beliefs, values, goals and other schemas held ‘within’ the individual. Such contents can certainly be inferred from behavioural observations, task performance and implicit attitudes (observing how the presentation of the concept affects judgements), but self-report is often the most direct way to elicit such contents.
1. Hofstee, W. K. B. 1994. Who should own the definition of personality?, European Journal of Personality 8: 149–62
Gerard Saucier, „Semantic and linguistic aspects of personality“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018