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Gerald Matthews on Extraversion - Dictionary of Arguments

Corr I 420
Extraversion/Cognitive-adaptive theory/Matthews: the cognitive-adaptive theory of personality traits (Matthews 1999(1), 2000(2), 2008a(3); Matthews and Zeidner 2004(4)) proposes that traits have functional coherence, not structural coherence.
Extraversion/Matthews: may be seen as an adaptation to socially demanding environments. Cognitive features of Extraversion such as efficient multitasking, verbal skills and rapid response work together to facilitate adaptation. Conversely, the various characteristics of Introversion support adaptation to solitary environments requiring self-direction. >Self-regulation/Matthews.



1. Matthews, G. 1999. Personality and skill: a cognitive-adaptive framework, in P. L. Ackerman, P. C. Kyllonen and R. D. Roberts (eds.), The future of learning and individual differences research: processes, traits, and content, pp. 251–70. Washington, DC: APA
2. Matthews, G. 2000. A cognitive science critique of biological theories of personality traits, History and Philosophy of Psychology 2: 1–17
3. Matthews, G. 2008a. Personality and information processing: a cognitive-adaptive theory, in G. J. Boyle, G. Matthews and D. H. Saklofske (eds.), Handbook of personality theory and testing, vol. I, Personality theories and models, pp. 56–79. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage
4. Matthews, G. and Zeidner, M. 2004. Traits, states and the trilogy of mind: an adaptive perspective on intellectual functioning, in D. Dai and R. J. Sternberg (eds.), Motivation, emotion, and cognition: integrative perspectives on intellectual functioning and development, pp. 143–74. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum


Gerald Matthews, „ Personality and performance: cognitive processes and models“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Matthews, Gerald
Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009

Corr II
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2021-04-12
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