Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Corr I 441
Self-Determination Theory/SDT/Deci/Ryan: Thesis: aspects of people’s interpersonal environments and their own individual differences will affect the degree to which they are able to satisfy their basic psychological needs and sustain their growth-oriented nature. The outcome of this ongoing interaction of people’s inherent proactivity with the social environment that is either supportive or thwarting of their basic psychological needs has a profound impact on their motivation, cognition, affect and wellbeing. Three basic and universal psychological needs: the needs for

competence,
autonomy and
relatedness.(1)(2)

Corr I 442
SDT has many components that deal with the interactions of people’s needs, personalities and social contexts. Among them are ones that: address types of motivation, specifically
- intrinsic motivation and
four types of
extrinsic motivation;
- consider developmental processes through which these types of motivation change;
- examine how aspects of the social context enhance versus deplete the different types of motivation;
- relate types of motivation to a range of outcomes including learning, performance, cognitive functioning and wellbeing;
- relate various aspirations or life-goals to basic psychological need satisfaction and both performance and wellbeing outcomes;
- explore the importance of autonomy across cultures; and
- apply these components of SDT to such life-domains as parenting, education, work and healthcare. >Motivation/Deci/Ryan.



1. Deci, E. L. and Ryan, R. M. 1985. Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behaviour. New York: Plenum
2. Deci, E. L. and Ryan, R. M. 2000. The ‘what’ and the ‘why’ of goal pursuits: human needs and the self-determination of behaviour, Psychological Inquiry 11: 227–68



Edward L. Deci and Richard M. Ryan, „Self-determination theory: a consideration of human motivational universals“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Ryan, Richard M.
Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009

Corr II
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2020-08-11
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