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Memories: mental repetition of representations without the original stimulus. See also stimuli, knowledge, learning.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Michael D. Robinson on Memory - Dictionary of Arguments

Corr I 461
Memory/personality traits/self-knowledge/Robinson/Sedikides: traits may be profitably viewed as associative memory structures, as assessed within semantic and affective priming paradigms.
Other memory structure paradigms have focused on individual differences in the manner in which different self-aspects are organized (Linville 1985(1); Showers 1992(2)).
, >Personality traits.
Individuals first list their important, yet distinct, self-aspects. They then assign traits to each self-aspect. Individuals differ in the extent to which their self-concept is simple–defined by fewer roles and more trait-overlap between roles–or complex.
Those with relatively simple self-concepts evaluate the self in a manner that is more strongly influenced by success or failure feedback (McConnell and Strain 2007(3)) or current mood states (Showers and Kling 1996(4)). Such findings are understood in terms of a greater degree of spreading activation among different self-aspects at lower levels of self-complexity (Linville 1985(1); Showers 1992(2)).

1. Linville, P. W. 1985. Self-complexity and affective extremity: don’t put all of your eggs in one cognitive basket, Social Cognition 3: 94–120
2. Showers, C. 1992. Compartmentalization of positive and negative self-knowledge: keeping bad apples out of the bunch, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 62: 1036–49
3. McConnell, A.R. and Strain, L. M. 2007. Structure and content of the self, in C. Sedikides and S. Spencer (eds.), The self in social psychology, pp. 51–73. New York: Psychology Press
4. Showers, C. J. and Kling, K. C. 1996. Organization of self-knowledge: implications for recovery from sad mood, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology70: 578–90

Michael D. Robinson and Constantine Sedikides, “Traits and the self: toward an integration”, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

EconRobin I
James A. Robinson
James A. Acemoglu
Why nations fail. The origins of power, prosperity, and poverty New York 2012

Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009

Corr II
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018

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