|Criteria: do not follow from a definition but must be developed. The criteria for the application of a concept to an object are more concerned with language practice in a community. E.g. the definition of truth does not provide a criterion for which sentences are true._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Charles S. Carver on Criteria - Dictionary of Arguments
Corr I 429
Criteria/Control processes/feedback/psychology/Carver/Scheier: what is a criterion in a feedback loop that checks for deviation from a standard? (>Affect/Carver/Scheier). There surely are many influences. Framing the action to oneself in different ways may change the criterion (Brendl and Higgins 1996)(1). If the activity is unfamiliar, what is used as a criterion probably is quite flexible. If the activity is familiar, however, the criterion is likely to reflect accumulated experience, an expected rate. Whether ‘expected’ or ‘desired ’or ‘needed’ rate is more accurate as a depiction may depend greatly on the context.
Repeated over-shoots result automatically in an upward drift, repeated undershoots result in a downward drift (see Carver and Scheier 2000(2), for greater detail).
1. Brendl, C. M. and Higgins, E. T. 1996. Principles of judging valence: what makes events positive or negative?, Advances in experimental social psychology 28: 95–160
2. Carver, C. S. and Scheier, M. F. 2000. Scaling back goals and recalibration of the affect system are processes in normal adaptive self-regulation: understanding ‘response shift’ phenomena, Social Science and Medicine 50: 1715–22.
Charles S. Carver and Michael F. Scheier, “Self-regulation and controlling personality functioning” in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018