|Antirealism: (Michael Dummett) the thesis that it has to be possible to be shown through behavior that alternatives to an assumed fact could make a difference. In the case of undecidable sentences such as the number of geese on the Capitol this is not possible._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Bas van Fraassen on Anti-Realism - Dictionary of Arguments
Anti-Realism/VsAnti-Realism: what he believes about the world depends on what kind of world he believes to be in - Fraassen VsVs: (pro anti-realism): this would presuppose that epistemology provided the same results, regardless of the span of evidence available to us - that would presuppose skepticism. Solution/Fraassen: empirical adequacy: a theory should correctly describe phenomena ("preserve") - then observability depends on our community.
Anti-Realism/Science/Fraassen: for him, it is all about increase in knowledge about the observable - Fraassen pro - possibly another correlation is assumed between smoking and cancer: lung irritation, etc.
FraassenVsAnti-Realism: cannot claim that successful theories are simply those that survive without claiming that they are true._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
B. van Fraassen
The Scientific Image Oxford 1980