Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Antirealism: (Michael Dummett) the thesis that it has to be possible to be shown through behavior that alternatives to an assumed fact could make a difference. In the case of undecidable sentences such as the number of geese on the Capitol this is not possible.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Logic Texts on Anti-Realism - Dictionary of Arguments

Read III 273
Antirealism/Dummett/Read: understanding must be shown - understanding must manifest itself - truth is not evidence-transcendent -VsTradition: Understanding of counterfactual situations can not be manifest, not communicated, and therefore not be acquired.

"Manifestation challenge": what right do we have to give speakers an understanding of expressions that goes beyond what they can show in their linguistic behaviour?
This is the third argument of ConstructivismVsRealism. Question: what can count as manifestation. >Constructivism.
Re III 274
From a finite set of postulates one can recursively generate a potentially infinite output. Problem: how can the learning child understand the language if it is not fixed to this actual set but only to manifestations?
Chomsky's answer: there are preprogrammed structures.
Gap between evidence and theory: need not be closed in this way.
Anti-Realism/Read: closes it by denying that theory is so beyond data! Meaning can be nothing other than speakers manifesting in its use. This denies 1. that meaning can have a private element.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Logic Texts
Me I Albert Menne Folgerichtig Denken Darmstadt 1988
HH II Hoyningen-Huene Formale Logik, Stuttgart 1998
Re III Stephen Read Philosophie der Logik Hamburg 1997
Sal IV Wesley C. Salmon Logic, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey 1973 - German: Logik Stuttgart 1983
Sai V R.M.Sainsbury Paradoxes, Cambridge/New York/Melbourne 1995 - German: Paradoxien Stuttgart 2001
Re III
St. Read
Thinking About Logic: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Logic. 1995 Oxford University Press
German Edition:
Philosophie der Logik Hamburg 1997


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2021-06-21
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