|Statement: once a statement is made the utterer is committed to it. In contrast to this, a sentence can be thought of as a string of symbols that is no statement._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Alfred Jules Ayer on Statements - Dictionary of Arguments
Statement / world: anything in the world must be distinguished from the statement.
Statements / Ayer: 3 conditions: they must 1st be checked directly 2nd be simply 3rd absolutely specific - then "fact" is definable:
"Great statement" / Hegel / Ayer: (paraphrased): "the whole truth" - AyerVsHegel / AyerVsIdealism / AyerVsBradley: then all normal statements are wrong - wrong solution: "partially true." AyerVs: that makes all statements indistinguishable - (> indistinguishability)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Alfred J. Ayer
"Truth" in: The Concept of a Person and other Essays, London 1963
Wahrheitstheorien, Gunnar Skirbekk, Frankfurt/M. 1977
Alfred Jules Ayer
Language, Truth and Logic, London 1936
Philosophie im 20. Jahrhundert, A. Hügli/P. Lübcke,
Alfred Jules Ayer
"The Criterion of Truth", Analysis 3 (1935), pp. 28-32
Theories of Truth, Paul Horwich, Aldershot 1994