Economics Dictionary of Arguments

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Meaning: Differs from the reference object (reference). The object does not have to exist for an expression to have a meaning. Words are not related to objects in a one-to-one correspondence. There is an important distinction between word meaning and sentence meaning. See also use theory, sentence meaning, reference, truth, meaning theory.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Saul A. Kripke on Meaning - Dictionary of Arguments

I 144
Properties: these necessary properties of gold (periodic table, element instead of mixture, use) are certainly not part of the meaning of the word "gold" and were not recognized a priori.
Meaning is not derived from properties.
>a priori
, >a posteriori, >Properties/Kripke.
I 144
Necessary properties do not need to belong to the meaning! (The periodic table was discovered later). Scholarly findings do not change the meaning.
I 158
Meaning: meaning is analytical (necessary). New discoveries do not change the meaning, they are part of it from the outset.
But: the estuary does not belong to the meaning of Dartmouth.
Stalnaker I 246
Kripke/Stephen Yablo/Stalnaker: a "prime example of Kripkeanism" is that there are two kinds of meaning for "water": a) a reference-defining definition in terms of the manifest properties with which we pick out water.
I 247
But that does not mean that b) the facts on which we agree when it comes to water, which are implicit in the meaning of the word "water" or that we know a priori that water has the properties that we use to scoop it.
Cf. >Twin earth.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Kripke I
S.A. Kripke
Naming and Necessity, Dordrecht/Boston 1972
German Edition:
Name und Notwendigkeit Frankfurt 1981

Kripke II
Saul A. Kripke
"Speaker’s Reference and Semantic Reference", in: Midwest Studies in Philosophy 2 (1977) 255-276
Eigennamen, Ursula Wolf, Frankfurt/M. 1993

Kripke III
Saul A. Kripke
Is there a problem with substitutional quantification?
Truth and Meaning, G. Evans/J McDowell, Oxford 1976

Kripke IV
S. A. Kripke
Outline of a Theory of Truth (1975)
Recent Essays on Truth and the Liar Paradox, R. L. Martin (Hg), Oxford/NY 1984

Stalnaker I
R. Stalnaker
Ways a World may be Oxford New York 2003

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