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Consciousness, philosophy: consciousness ist the experience of differences along with a knowledge about alternatives as opposed to purely automatic responses. See also Intentionality, Identity theory, Other minds, Self-consciousness.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Edmund Husserl on Consciousness - Dictionary of Arguments

Gadamer I 248
Consciousness/Husserl/Gadamer: According to Husserl's own statement(1), it was the a priori-correlation of experience-object and given facts, which dominated his whole life-work since the logical investigations. Already in the fifth logical investigation he had worked out the peculiarity of intentional experiences and distinguished consciousness, as he made it a research topic, "as an intentional experience"(...) from the real unit of consciousness of experiences and from their inner perception.
In this respect, consciousness was not an "object" for him but an essential assignment (...). What was revealed in the research of this attribution was a first overcoming of "objecivism" in so far as, for instance, the meaning of words was not connected with the real psychic content of consciousness, e.g. the
Gadamer I 249
associative notions that a word evokes were allowed to be confused for a longer time.
Intention of meaning and fulfillment of meaning essentially belong to the unity of meaning, and, like the meanings of the words that we use, every being that is valid for me has, correlatively and in essence, an "ideal generality of the real and possible experiencing modes of giving"(2). >Phenomenology/Husserl

1. Husserliana VI. 169.
2. Ibid.

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Tugendhat I 165
Consciousness/Husserl: a sensual act is the imagination of objects. Categorical acts are acts of thought or the stating of facts. They are not sensual, they are differently composed than objects but they are real, if the objects are real.
I 173f
TugendhatVsHusserl: VsCategorical Act (categorical synthesis): instead of categorical acts he assumes a semantic form, rather than an "ideal composition": criterion: a relation exists when the appropriate sentence is true.
Adorno XIII 61
Consciousness/Husserl/Adorno: according to Kant, a single consciousness is only founded by memory in its unity and thus uniform experience is made possible.
Husserl later expresses that consciousness is itself a piece of the world.
Adorno: they presuppose (...) what they first want to establish in the doctrine of idealism.
Idealism/Adorno: idealism was thus a bit in the situation of Münchhausen, who wanted to pull himself out of the swamp by his plait, i.e. he must develop his constitutive forms from the individual consciousness. (See also Subjectivity/Adorno, Idealism/Adorno, Mind/Adorno, Hegel/Adorno).

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
E. Husserl
I Peter Prechtl, Husserl zur Einführung, Hamburg 1991
II "Husserl" in: Eva Picardi et al., Interpretationen - Hauptwerke der Philosophie: 20. Jahrhundert, Stuttgart 1992
Gadamer I
Hans-Georg Gadamer
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010

Gadamer II
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
German Edition:
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977

Tu I
E. Tugendhat
Vorlesungen zur Einführung in die Sprachanalytische Philosophie Frankfurt 1976

E. Tugendhat
Philosophische Aufsätze Frankfurt 1992

Th. W. Adorno
Max Horkheimer
Dialektik der Aufklärung Frankfurt 1978

Theodor W. Adorno
Negative Dialektik Frankfurt/M. 2000

Theodor W. Adorno
Ästhetische Theorie Frankfurt/M. 1973

Theodor W. Adorno
Minima Moralia Frankfurt/M. 2003

Theodor W. Adorno
Philosophie der neuen Musik Frankfurt/M. 1995

Theodor W. Adorno
Gesammelte Schriften, Band 5: Zur Metakritik der Erkenntnistheorie. Drei Studien zu Hegel Frankfurt/M. 1071

Theodor W. Adorno
Noten zur Literatur (I - IV) Frankfurt/M. 2002

Theodor W. Adorno
Gesammelte Schriften in 20 Bänden: Band 2: Kierkegaard. Konstruktion des Ästhetischen Frankfurt/M. 2003

Theodor W. Adorno
Gesammelte Schriften in 20 Bänden: Band 8: Soziologische Schriften I Frankfurt/M. 2003

Theodor W. Adorno
Über Walter Benjamin Frankfurt/M. 1990

Theodor W. Adorno
Philosophische Terminologie Bd. 1 Frankfurt/M. 1973

Theodor W. Adorno
Philosophische Terminologie Bd. 2 Frankfurt/M. 1974

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