Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Denotation, naming: specify a word or phrase for an object. Related terms description designation.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Saul A. Kripke on Denotation - Dictionary of Arguments

III 334
Denoting/Frege: thesis: complete sentences denote ((s) i.e. sentences with unicorns are always wrong according to Frege.)
>Unicorn example/Kripke
Kripke: non-denotating forms are e.g. xy: a form, e.g.(Sx)xys: is implied by each of its instances: f1 > y, f2 ↔ y, f2> y, f1 and y, etc. These are not even significant units - this is something other than transparency.
>Cf. >Opacity.
III 352
If the terms of the object language are denoting, the meta language must include referential quantification.
>Object language, >Meta langugage.
III 362
Denoting/denotation/Kripke: Problem: if some terms denote and others do not, then they are not held apart by Q(t,a): example (26c) Q(Zeus,Zeus) is just as true. ((s) Although Zeus denotes nothing.)
(19)(Px1)(E1a)(Q(x1,a1) and term(a1)) must therefore not be construed as referential and be read as everything is denoted by a term. Wallace makes this error: everything has a name, which he uses to show triumphantly that the substitutional quantification collapses to referential quantification. (KripkeVsWallace). Q(Cicero,Tullius) is incorrect.
>Naming/Kripke, >Nonexistence.
Name/denote/KripkeVsWallace: not everything needs to have a name - not every term denotes -(>Frege: each sentence is denoting: ((s) all sentences with unicorns are false or without truth value).
>Truth value, >Truth value gap.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Kripke I
S.A. Kripke
Naming and Necessity, Dordrecht/Boston 1972
German Edition:
Name und Notwendigkeit Frankfurt 1981

Kripke II
Saul A. Kripke
"Speaker’s Reference and Semantic Reference", in: Midwest Studies in Philosophy 2 (1977) 255-276
Eigennamen, Ursula Wolf, Frankfurt/M. 1993

Kripke III
Saul A. Kripke
Is there a problem with substitutional quantification?
Truth and Meaning, G. Evans/J McDowell, Oxford 1976

Kripke IV
S. A. Kripke
Outline of a Theory of Truth (1975)
Recent Essays on Truth and the Liar Paradox, R. L. Martin (Hg), Oxford/NY 1984

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2024-02-21
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