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Behavior/Zimbardo: Individual behavior is largely under the control of social forces and environmental contingencies rather than â€˜personality traitsâ€™, â€˜characterâ€™, â€˜will powerâ€™, or other empirically unvalidated constructs. Many people, perhaps the majority, can be made to do almost anything when put in psychologically compelling situations â€“ regardless of their morals, ethics, values, attitudes, beliefs, or personal convictions â€¦ The mere act of assigning labels to people, such as â€˜prisonersâ€™ and â€˜guardsâ€™ and putting them in situations where these labels acquire validity and meaning, is sufficient to elicit pathological behavior â€¦ The prison system â€¦ is guaranteed to generate severe enough pathological reactions in both guards and prisoners as to debase their humanity. (Zimbardo, 1971(1): 155). >Stanford prison experiment/Zimbardo, >Tyranny/Psychological theories, >Behavior/Zimbardo.
1. Zimbardo, P.G. (1971) â€˜The psychological power and pathology of imprisonmentâ€™, Hearings before Subcommittee No.3 of the Committee on the Judiciary House of Representatives Ninety-Second Congress, First sessions on corrections â€“ Part II, Prisons, prison reform, and prisonersâ€™ rights: California (Serial No. 15, 25 October). Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.
S. Alexander Haslam and Stephen Reicher, â€žTyranny. Revisiting Zimbardoâ€™s Stanford Prison Experimentâ€œ, in: Joanne R. Smith and S. Alexander Haslam (eds.) 2017. Social Psychology. Revisiting the Classic studies. London: Sage Publications_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)â€¦): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
S. Alexander Haslam
Joanne R. Smith
Social Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies London 2017