Aristotle on Tyranny - Dictionary of Arguments
Gaus I 314
Tyranny/Aristotle/Keyt/Miller: (Despotiké is the adjective of despotés, 'master (of slaves)'. The subjects under despotic constitutions (democracy, oligarchy, and tyranny in Aristotle's view) are thus taken to be virtual slaves. Since most constitutions in the fourth century BC were democracies, oligarchies, or tyrannies, it is implied that almost everyone outside a ruling circle was a virtual slave. >Slavery/Aristotle.
According to this analysis constitutions that are based on force (Pol. III.3.1276a12-13, 10.1281a23-4) and are contrary to nature (Pol. III.17.1287b37-41) are despotic (despotikai) (Pol. III.7.1279a21). >Constitution/Aristotle.
Pol: Aristotle Politics
Keyt, David and Miller, Fred D. jr. 2004. „Ancient Greek Political Thought“. In: Gaus, Gerald F. & Kukathas, Chandran 2004. Handbook of Political Theory. SAGE Publications_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Gerald F. Gaus
Handbook of Political Theory London 2004