Economics Dictionary of Arguments

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Existence, philosophy, logic: the fact that there is something to which properties can be attributed. That does not mean that something has to be given immediately or can be perceived by the senses. See also ontology, properties, predicates, existence statements, realism, quantification, ascription.
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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Immanuel Kant on Existence - Dictionary of Arguments

W. Breidert Berkeley aus Grundprobleme der großen Philosophen, J. Speck (Ed) Göttingen 1997
I 236
Reality/Kant Schopenhauer: God does not guarantee the existence.
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Danto I 195
Existence/predicate/Kant/Danto: E.g. 100 possible dollars: the term "100 dollars" remains the same, whether it is occupied in the real world or not. - Someone who says "I have 100 dollars, but they do not exist," does not abuse the concept 100 dollars, but the one of having. - ((s) So existence does not follow from the term).
I 196
Def existence/Russell: "There is an example of what is being discussed."
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Kant I 73
Existence/Kant: the feeling of existence has no concept - there can be nothing proved here.
VsDescartes: "I think, therefore I am": error: to conclude from the concept to the existence of a thing.
>cogito
, >I think/Kant.

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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
I. Kant
I Günter Schulte Kant Einführung (Campus) Frankfurt 1994
Externe Quellen. ZEIT-Artikel 11/02 (Ludger Heidbrink über Rawls)
Volker Gerhard "Die Frucht der Freiheit" Plädoyer für die Stammzellforschung ZEIT 27.11.03
Danto I
A. C. Danto
Connections to the World - The Basic Concepts of Philosophy, New York 1989
German Edition:
Wege zur Welt München 1999

Danto III
Arthur C. Danto
Nietzsche as Philosopher: An Original Study, New York 1965
German Edition:
Nietzsche als Philosoph München 1998

Danto VII
A. C. Danto
The Philosophical Disenfranchisement of Art (Columbia Classics in Philosophy) New York 2005


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