Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Given, philosophy: something in the outside world, which should correspond to what we perceive through the senses. It is problematic how to distinguish the constitution of external objects from what is determined by the construction of our sense organs. The presupposition of a given, also assumes that both this and the side of the perceiving subject are fixed in a certain way. This is doubted by many authors.See also reality, myth of the given, perception, world, world/thinking, thing in itself, perspective, nature, naturalism, epistemology.
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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Wilfrid Sellars on Given - Dictionary of Arguments

Frank I 264
Myth of the given/consciousness/SellarsVsSartre/SellarsVsDescartes: the thesis of self-transparency and self-disclosure of consciousness is the "myth of the given".

Hector-Neri Castaneda (1989): Self-Consciousness, I-Structures and
Physiology, in: Manfred Spitzer/Brendan A. Maher (eds.) (1989): Philosophy and Psychopathology, Berlin/Heidelberg/New York 1989, 118-145
---
Sellars I 4
Something that is given/Sellars: this is about factual knowledge, not about objects.
>Sense data theory/Sellars
.
I 59
Myth of the Given/Sellars: thesis that there is a level of individual facts
a) that presuppose no further knowledge
b) that this non-inferential knowledge is the final appeal body.
SellarsVs: error: to assume that knowledge must be inferential.
>Inference, >Conclusions, >Knowledge, >World/thinking,
Vs: >Consciousness/Sellars, >Concepts/Sellars.
I 67
Myth of the Given/Sellars: thesis that observation constructs authenticating, non-linguistic episodes by itself whose authority is transferred to linguistic and quasi-linguistic executions.
SellarsVs.
>Observation.

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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Sellars I
Wilfrid Sellars
The Myth of the Given: Three Lectures on the Philosophy of Mind, University of London 1956 in: H. Feigl/M. Scriven (eds.) Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science 1956
German Edition:
Der Empirismus und die Philosophie des Geistes Paderborn 1999

Sellars II
Wilfred Sellars
Science, Perception, and Reality, London 1963
In
Wahrheitstheorien, Gunnar Skirbekk, Frankfurt/M. 1977

Fra I
M. Frank (Hrsg.)
Analytische Theorien des Selbstbewusstseins Frankfurt 1994

Sellars II
Wilfred Sellars
Science, Perception, and Reality, London 1963
In
Wahrheitstheorien, Gunnar Skirbekk, Frankfurt/M. 1977


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2024-02-28
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