|Competence, philosophy, language philosophy: competence is the ability to handle specific tasks. This ability can affect the knowledge of sentences or the application of rules. It is disputed which competencies are innate for the application of rules. The antonym to language competence is language performance._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Language proficiency/to mean/meaning/McGinn: those who master the meaning of the word have never seen the vast majority of the relevant objects. - That means that there is a property exemplified by the speaker by virtue of which he grasps the meaning. - A kind of general meaning that is beyond the scope of things known to him. - Meaning grants access to places where the body and the senses do not reach - the intended meaning does not behave like pain - cannot be isolated - Meaning does not spread in a medium.
It even has to be diffuse in order to go beyond the particular.
The context with reality, however, must remain._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Problems in Philosophy. The Limits of Inquiry, Cambridge/MA 1993
Die Grenzen vernünftigen Fragens Stuttgart 1996
The Mysteriouy Flame. Conscious Minds in a Material World, New York 1999
Wie kommt der Geist in die Materie? München 2001