# Economics Dictionary of Arguments

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Complex: a complex is composed of components that can be distinguished from each other and are relatively autonomous. Complex behavior refers to systems that consist of several components. The relative independence of the components is manifested in their behavior. Relative autonomy of the components is determined by the description of the complex as a whole.
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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Niklas Luhmann on Complexes/Complexity - Dictionary of Arguments

AU Cas 8
Def Complexity/tradition/Luhmann: classical: because of the two concepts: element and relation.
Problem: with the increase of the number of elements not every element can be linked to another.
50s: E.g. circle structure
Problem: where is the threshold to overload?
Today/Luhmann: because of that, we can no longer work with the distinction simple/complex.
No complexity comparison is possible, because systems can be complex in several respects.
AU Cass 8
Complexity/Systems Theory/Luhmann: with the concept of operation (observation) we dissolve the two fundamental concepts of complexity: element and relation.
The element is the relation.
Instead of complexity: operational closure.
>Observation/Luhmann
,
>Method/Luhmann,
>Simplicity/Luhmann,
>Systems/Luhmann.

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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

AU I
N. Luhmann
Introduction to Systems Theory, Lectures Universität Bielefeld 1991/1992
German Edition:
Einführung in die Systemtheorie Heidelberg 1992

Lu I
N. Luhmann
Die Kunst der Gesellschaft Frankfurt 1997

> Counter arguments against Luhmann
> Counter arguments in relation to Complexes/Complexity