Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Life: systems that have at least the following characteristics are alive metabolism, energy input and output, reproductive capacity, adaptation to environmental changes while maintaining the system's own stability. See also systems, bodies.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Edmund Husserl on Life - Dictionary of Arguments

Gadamer I 253
Life/Husserl/Gadamer: "Life" [for Husserl] is not only the "just living there" of the natural attitude. "Life" is also and no less the transcendently reduced subjectivity, which is the source of all objectivations. The title thus refers to what Husserl emphasizes as his own achievement in his criticism of the objectivist naivety of all previous philosophy. In his eyes, it consists in revealing the illusory nature of the usual epistemological controversy between idealism and realism and instead addressing the inner relationship between subjectivity and objectivity.(1) This explains the turn of the "performing life". "The radical view of the world is a systematic and pure inner view of the self in the outward subjectivity(2). It is like in the unity of a living organism, which one can well observe and dissect from the outside, but can only understand if one goes back to its hidden roots...".
Subject/Husserl: In this way, even the worldly behaviour of the subject has its comprehensibility not in the conscious experiences and their intentionality, but in the anonymous ones of life.
Gadamer I 254
Just as Dilthey (...) starts from the experience only in order to gain the concept of the psychological context, Husserl proves the unity of the stream of consciousness to be prior and essential to the detail of the experiences. (Cf. >Life/Dilthey). The thematic exploration of the life of consciousness must overcome the starting point of the individual experience, just as with Dilthey.
GadamerVsHusserl: Husserl [wants to] derive the constitution of the historical world from the "life of consciousness". One asks oneself whether (...) the actual content of the concept of life is not (...) alienated by the epistemological scheme of such a derivation from last conditions of consciousness. Above all, the difficulties that the problem of intersubjectivity and the understanding of the foreign ego offer give rise to this question. >Intersubjectivity/Husserl.


1. Husserliana VI, S34; S. 265f.
2. Husserliana VI, S. 116.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
E. Husserl
I Peter Prechtl, Husserl zur Einführung, Hamburg 1991
II "Husserl" in: Eva Picardi et al., Interpretationen - Hauptwerke der Philosophie: 20. Jahrhundert, Stuttgart 1992
Gadamer I
Hans-Georg Gadamer
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010

Gadamer II
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
German Edition:
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2021-08-01
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