|Logic: logic is the doctrine of the admissibility or inadmissibility of relations between statements and thus the validity of the compositions of these statements. In particular, the question is whether conclusions can be obtained from certain presuppositions such as premises or antecedents. Logical formulas are not interpreted at first. Only the interpretation, i. e. the insertion of values, e.g. objects instead of the free variables, makes the question of their truth meaningful._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Definition logic/Mates: theory of conlcusion relation. Task: to find general laws about what follows from what - correct thinking is not a contribution to logic.
Logic/Aristotle/Mates: no yet a distinction mention/use - it is the same: if a thing is contained in another, and when each is stated of the other.
First clear use of variables in history - for these names are used - variables/Stoics: "the first", "the second", etc. (unlike Aristotle).
I 262 "Zukommen"/Aristotle
Goes in both directions - which shows that there is no distinction between concept and object.
Terms for "Zukommen" are nouns, sensual beings, human, for "Nicht Zukommen" substance, sensual being, number.
Logic/Hobbes/Mates: influential (misleading) Argument: necessary truths would just come about through the random way how people like to use their words._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Elementare Logik Göttingen 1969
Skeptical Essays Chicago 1981