|Discourse: Discourse is a form of communication involving the exchange of ideas, information, and opinions. It can be spoken or written, and it can take place in a variety of settings. Discourses are important for sharing thoughts, learning, building relationships, solving problems, and making decisions. See also Discourse theory.<_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Paul Ricoeur on Discourse - Dictionary of Arguments
Discourse/Ricoeur: Starting from the Saussurean distinction between langue and parole, we may say, at least in an introductory way, that discourse is the event of language. For a linguistics applied to the structure of systems, the temporal dimension of this event expresses the epistemological weakness of a linguistics of parole. Events vanish while systems remain. Therefore the first move of a semantics of discourse must be to rectify this epistemological weakness of parole proceeding from the fleeting character of the event as opposed to the stability of the system by relating it to the ontological priority of discourse resulting from the actuality of the event as opposed to the mere virtuality of the system. >Parole/Ricoeur, >Langue/Ricoeur, >Structural Linuistics/Ricoeur.
Predicate/Emile Benveniste/Ricoeur: [Benveniste says] the predicate (...) is the only indespensable factor of the sentence.
Ricoeur: whereas the genuinely logical subject is the bearer of a singular identification, what the predicate says about the subject can always be treated as a "universal" feature of the subject.
This fundamental polarity between singular identification and universal predication gives a specific content to the notion of the proposition conceived of as the object of the speech event. It shows that discourse is not merely a vanishing event, and as such an irrational entity, as the simple opposition between parole and langue might suggest.
Meaning/event/discourse/Ricoeur: The supressing and surpassing of the event in the meaning is a characteristic of discourse itself.
Event: if all discourse is actualized as an event, it is understood as meaning. The event is somebody speaking.
Linguistic of discourse: we call it semantics in order to distinguish it from semiotics. >Utterer’s Meaning/Recoeur, >Dialogue/Ricoeur._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
De L’interprétation. Essai sur Sigmund Freud
Die Interpretation. Ein Versuch über Freud Frankfurt/M. 1999
Interpretation theory: discourse and the surplus of meaning Fort Worth 1976